DUTCH

In the following sub-pages, I have posted an index to Dutch Helpers of Allied airmen during World War II from the records of The National Archives (TNA) of the United Kingdom.  Researcher John Howes photographed them and was kind enough to provide me with a copy on a DVD.  There is a total of 266 pages with upwards of 8000 names.  The correct citations of the sources at TNA for the Dutch helper lists are WO 208/5476 Holland A – K and WO 208/5477 Holland L – Z.

Researchers also should take note of the database of Righteous Among Nations Honored by Yad Vashem for The Netherlands at http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/righteous/pdf/virtial_wall/netherlands.pdf

In searching for a name, there are several things to keep in mind:

1. Not all helpers of Allied airmen will be listed.  There are several reasons for this: (a) The helper may have died and there was no one left who could describe what he or she did.  (b) The helper may have been too modest to speak about what he or she did or the person’s experiences may have been too painful to talk about.  (c) The helper may have been an active Resistance member but involved in other types of Resistance work, with aid to airmen being only incidental.  (d) Allied Military Intelligence tried to let it be known that they wanted to know what each helper did and who they helped, even advertising in newspapers.   The helper may not have heard about it.  (e)  It may have been unclear which office of Allied Military Intelligence was in charge of that helper’s records or, for that matter, what the helper’s nationality was.  For example, one of Tom Applewhite’s helpers was born in Switzerland, living in France, but a Belgian citizen.  Conceivably, someone who was Dutch might turn up in the Belgian helper files.  I have found some Dutch helpers in the Hungarian helper files.

2. The names are listed alphabetically by the main part of the name.  For example, “van Aalst” is listed according to where “Aalst” appears, not “van Aalst,” but the “van” still appears in front of the “Aalst.”  This is precisely the reverse of the way Dutch helper files are organized at the National Archives II in College Park, Maryland, with all “v’s” lumped together.   This system of listing names applies also to “de” as in the case of “de Beer,” etc.

3. The alphabetical listing has some errors. For example, note how page B18 ends with BORGH and page B19 begins with BORCH.  In at least one instance, a name (KIRK) was tacked on, out of order, at the end of the names starting with that same letter, i.e., following KWINT.  In another instance, the name SILKENS has a page to itself, between SIDERIUS and SIEBELINK on the list.   Also note that the consecutive letters “IJ” are treated as a “Y” for purposes of alphabetization. On page headings I have included the “Y” spelling in parentheses in order to make clear the alphabetical range of the names.   See for example, pages B33 and B34 in the case of names like BIJL.  In any event, if you don’t find a name where you expect to find it alphabetically, look at the entire list of names beginning with the same first letter.

4. A helper may no longer be living in the town where he or she was active.  If you are looking for a helper you know was active in a particular town during the war but don’t find anyone by that name and that town, look for the person in a different town.  The records of Allied Military Intelligence, in listing a helper’s address, give the contact address where he or she was after the Liberation.

5. Watch out for nicknames, middle names, and noms de guerre.  A helper may have been known by his or her nickname, middle name, or nom de guerre but the helper list may use the person’s formal given name.

6. Award Grades.  It is immediately obvious that the most common award grade was a 5 or 6.  (NIL appears to refer to a lack of information or too little activity to warrant an award.)   Much rarer were Grades 4 or higher.  Out of the roughly 8000 awards, approximately 185 or 2.3% were Grade 4.  Grade 3 had 61 or 0.7%.  Grade 2 was 16, or 0.2%.  The top award, Grade 1, had seven recipients, or 0.09%.  Note that the award reflected aid to Allied military personnel and did not take into account other Resistance activities.  Note also the high mortality rate: 15% of the Grade 4 awards were posthumous.  For a discussion of the meaning of the Award Grade assigned to a helper, see an English-language explanation at http://www.evasioncomete.org/TxtAwards2.html and for French see http://www.evasioncomete.org/TxtAwards.html.

It might be of interest to see who the recipients were of the top awards.  For Grades 1, 2, and 3 the recipients were as follows:

Grade 1

  • Johanna Maria Folmer, Zeist
  • Peter Jan v.d.  Hurk, Meppel
  • Dick Kragt, c/o G.S.I.(X), B.A.O.R.
  • Joseph Piller, Laren
  • Henri Tummers, Echt
  • Dirk Wildeboer, Ede
  • Adriaan L. van Wylen, Sprang-Capelle
Grade 2
  • Gerrit v.d. Born, Amersfoort
  • Joannes  Laurens v. Elsen, Tiel
  • Jules Haeck, Hengelo (post.)
  • Klaas Heljboer, Ammers
  • Willem Houwen, Helden
  • Trijntje Mulder, Leeuwarden
  • Willem N. v. Nooten, Meppel
  • Harry J.P. Otten, Erp
  • J. Poels, Amerika
  • L.A. Poels, Amerika
  • Joannes Rombout, Dordrecht
  • R. Roosjen, Roermond
  • Karst Smit, Den Haag
  • Frans Verbruggen, Roermond
  • Johannes Cornelis Wannee, Den Haag
  • C. van Woerkom, Sliedrecht
Grade 3
  • Cornelis de Boer, Zwijndrecht
  • B. Bouman, Roermond (post.)
  • Evert Bruinekreeft, Barneveld
  • Hendrik van Cleeff, Den Haag
  • Klaas Decker, Brandwijk
  • Klaas Decker, Boxtel
  • Heimen v. Esveld, Kootwijkerbroek (Gld)
  • Hendrik J. Evers, Roggel
  • Jan Evers, Ederveen
  • Henk Geerdink, Weert
  • Hartog de Gelder, Tilburg
  • Hubert Alphons Gerard, Hengelo
  • J.P.G. Goossens, Deurne
  • Mrs. Jentje de Groot-ter Bruggen, Meppel
  • Johannes B. ter Haar, Lichtenvoorde
  • Gerrit Hakkesteeg, Ammers
  • Jan Jacobus de Heer, Delft
  • Peter L. Hendrikx, Kepen
  • Rachel Herz, Huize Berkhof Lunteren
  • Eugene van der Heyden, Hilvarenbeek
  • Harm Hoekstra, Fort Vuren by Gorinchem
  • Johan I. Hollebrands, Sliedrecht
  • M.E. Hooyer-Dubois, Haelen
  • Johannes Jager, Ede
  • Roel de Jong, Amsterdam
  • Albert Jan Koeslag, Laren (father)
  • Albert Jan Koeslag, Laren (son)
  • Adriaan S. Kuystsen, Sprang Capelle
  • Leen Kuysten, Sprang-Capelle
  • Paulus W. A. Landman, Hilvarenbeek
  • Willem Leenman, Hardinxveld
  • Ivan Johannes v.d. Ley, Dordrecht
  • Captain Herman Lucas Alex. v. Loenen, Zeist
  • Hendrik v. Loenen, Zeist
  • Bernard Manders, Bakel
  • Pieter G. Marang, Deventer
  • Johan Adrian Meewis, Amsterdam
  • Stefanie Memelauer-Nedwed, Hengelo
  • Andries v.d. Meulen, no city
  • Andries Mooren, Kelpen
  • Menno A. de Nooy, Ede
  • Herr de Nooy, Bennekom
  • Dieuwke Nijhof, Ede
  • Johannes v.d. Putten, Deurne
  • G. Rietberg, Zutphen
  • Aart Roelofsen, Lunteren
  • C.A.J. Ruikes-Tummers, Echt
  • Jan Seigers, Ommen
  • Hendrikus Semler, Maarheeze
  • C. Semler, Maarheeze
  • Jan W. Stam, Ochten
  • Petrus (Major) Symons, Maastricht
  • Hendrik Jan Verhaaf, Ede
  • Hendrik P.H. Verkennis, Stamprooy
  • Roelof Corn. Vermeulen, Drachten
  • Renier Hubert v.d. Vin, Neeritter
  • Pieter Visser, Sliedrecht
  • Mrs. Hermance de Vries-v.d.Wall-Bake, Amsterdam
  • Pieter Westdorp, Utrecht
  • Marinus van Wyngaarden, Dordrecht

In September, 2012, I plan another trip to National Archives II. As a test, I will compare some pages from the British index to the actual helper files that NAII has on hand to see how closely they match.

To enlarge the image of a page, click once.  Double-click to make it even larger.  Use the back arrow to reverse the process.

6 responses to “DUTCH

  1. In October, 1944, I was shot down over the Dutch Islands and spent a month in hiding with Izak and Marie van der Maas on the island of Noord Beveland. My E&E #2614. I am still in touch with van der Maas family. Izak and Marie are deceased.
    Jim Frolking, 1st Lt.
    479th FG, 436 FS, 8AF Wattisham Airfield, Suffolk County, UK

  2. Maria Adamse-Van Name

    Dear Sirs,

    I am writing you on behalf of my father Engelhard Adamse who is 95 years of age and is now living in the U.S. in Viera, Florida. He participated in saving American flyers during World War ll. He worked with the underground to get the flyers back to the U.S.

    The flyers landed in a potato field in Holland by parachute. The farmers took off their work clothes and gave them to the flyers so their identity would be hidden from the Germans. The flyers were brought through the underground through several countries until they reached Spain where they were rescued by Americans and brought home.

    My father’s family hid Jewish people in different homes to save them from going to the concentration camps.

    He also brought English written books to the Americans to help pass the time while being hidden. He has alot more to tell and I would like you to have some information from him.

    Sincerely,

    Maria Adamse-Van Name

  3. Nony Bollenbacher

    Thanks God for people like your dad and thousands of brave men and women who standed against the Nazi regim. Thanks to you for sharing this story.

  4. Harel Hertz Shmuel

    hello to you
    i like to give you a name of a perssom who was helper during the ww2 in holland ede benekom!
    Rachel DIDI Ross Hertz !!
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachel_(Roos-Hertz)_Harel
    Pleas !i look for this name (who is my mother ) and i dont find here .
    http://vimeo.com/67435758
    http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%A8%D7%97%D7%9C_%D7%94%D7%A8%D7%90%D7%9C
    please inform her name in the list of Dutch helpers at ww2
    thanks for your help
    best regardes
    shmuel Harel
    israel
    0509755301

    Dear Mr. Harel,

    I found what I believe is her listing, “Hertz, Rachel, Berkhofweg, Huize Berkhof, Lunteren” with a award grade 3, which is quite a high grade, recognizing her contribution. Most people on the list have no more than a grade 5. You will find the listing at http://wwii-netherlands-escape-lines.com/dutch-helper-list/index-to-dutch-helpers-of-allied-personnel/dutch-helper-names-haafter-to-hey/. For a discussion of award grades in English, go to http://www.evasioncomete.org/TxtAwards2.html. For it in French, see http://www.evasioncomete.org/TxtAwards.html. A video about her experiences which works is at http://www.communityjoodsmonument.nl/page/325723?forum_sta326664#comment-326664. The Wikipedia article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachel_(Roos-Hertz)_Harel is in English and gives a good overview of her life. She was a remarkable person.

    Best wishes,
    Bruce Bolinger

  5. I have a letter written by my grandmother who was hidden at times in Lunteren and Beunekom (her spelling) and stayed on and off with family named Folenar.

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