The escape line of Karst Smit and Eugene van der Heijden operated from early 1942 until it was penetrated by the Germans on 15 November 1943. It first aided escaped French prisoners of war who were trying to make their way home. Next came Dutch Jews, Engelandvaarders (Dutch patriots trying to reach England to join the RAF or find other ways to continue the war against the Germans), onderduikers (young Dutch men who went into hiding to avoid the German labor draft), and Allied airmen.
This part of the website consists of the pages listed below. Follow the links to go to them.
- Aid Given to People in Need
- Members of the Smit-van der Heijden Line
- Connections to Other Escape/Intelligence Lines
- Cafés, Hotels – Centers of Resistance Activity
- Articles About the Line
- Arrest, Prison, Concentration Camps
- Recognition for Their Achievements
- Research Help Requests