In the following sub-pages, I have posted an index to Dutch Helpers of Allied airmen during World War II from the records of The National Archives (TNA) of the United Kingdom, which I will refer to as the British index. (For the comparable index from National Archives II in College Park, Maryland, in the United States, the U.S. index, click here. Anyone researching a Dutch helper’s name should check both lists.) Researcher John Howes photographed the British index and was kind enough to provide me with a copy on a DVD. There is a total of 266 pages with upwards of 8000 names. The correct citations of the sources at TNA for the Dutch helper lists are WO 208/5476 Holland A – K and WO 208/5477 Holland L – Z.
Researchers also should take note of the database of Righteous Among Nations Honored by Yad Vashem for The Netherlands at http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/righteous/pdf/virtial_wall/netherlands.pdf
In searching for a name, there are several things to keep in mind:
1. Not all helpers of Allied airmen will be listed. There are several reasons for this: (a) The helper may have died and there was no one left who could describe what he or she did. (b) The helper may have been too modest to speak about what he or she did or the person’s experiences may have been too painful to talk about. (c) The helper may have been an active Resistance member but involved in other types of Resistance work, with aid to airmen being only incidental. (d) Allied Military Intelligence tried to let it be known that they wanted to know what each helper did and who they helped, even advertising in newspapers. The helper may not have heard about it. (e) It may have been unclear which office of Allied Military Intelligence was in charge of that helper’s records or, for that matter, what the helper’s nationality was. For example, one of Tom Applewhite’s helpers was born in Switzerland, living in France, but a Belgian citizen. Conceivably, someone who was Dutch might turn up in the Belgian helper files. I have found some Dutch helpers in the Hungarian helper files.
2. The names are listed alphabetically by the main part of the name. For example, “van Aalst” is listed according to where “Aalst” appears, not “van Aalst,” but the “van” still appears in front of the “Aalst.” This is precisely the reverse of the way Dutch helper files are organized at the National Archives II in College Park, Maryland, with all “v’s” lumped together. This system of listing names applies also to “de” as in the case of “de Beer,” etc.
3. The alphabetical listing has some errors. For example, note how page B18 ends with BORGH and page B19 begins with BORCH. In at least one instance, a name (KIRK) was tacked on, out of order, at the end of the names starting with that same letter, i.e., following KWINT. In another instance, the name SILKENS has a page to itself, between SIDERIUS and SIEBELINK on the list. Also note that the consecutive letters “IJ” are treated as a “Y” for purposes of alphabetization. On page headings I have included the “Y” spelling in parentheses in order to make clear the alphabetical range of the names. See for example, pages B33 and B34 in the case of names like BIJL. In any event, if you don’t find a name where you expect to find it alphabetically, look at the entire list of names beginning with the same first letter.
4. A helper may no longer be living in the town where he or she was active. If you are looking for a helper you know was active in a particular town during the war but don’t find anyone by that name and that town, look for the person in a different town. The records of Allied Military Intelligence, in listing a helper’s address, give the contact address where he or she was after the Liberation.
5. Watch out for nicknames, middle names, and noms de guerre. A helper may have been known by his or her nickname, middle name, or nom de guerre but the helper list may use the person’s formal given name.
6. Award Grades. It is immediately obvious that the most common award grade was a 5 or 6. (NIL appears to refer to a lack of information or too little activity to warrant an award.) Much rarer were Grades 4 or higher. Out of the roughly 8000 awards, approximately 185 or 2.3% were Grade 4. Grade 3 had 61 or 0.7%. Grade 2 was 16, or 0.2%. The top award, Grade 1, had seven recipients, or 0.09%. Note that the award reflected aid to Allied military personnel and did not take into account other Resistance activities. Note also the high mortality rate: 15% of the Grade 4 awards were posthumous. For a discussion of the meaning of the Award Grade assigned to a helper, see an English-language explanation at http://www.evasioncomete.org/TxtAwards2.html and for French see http://www.evasioncomete.org/TxtAwards.html. Or for an explanation of the Award Grades on this website, see the History of the Holland Office, 6801 MIS-X Detachment, the second memo (dated 28 June 1946), pp. 7-11.
7. Check Both Dutch Lists. In the case of Dutch helpers, where there are two versions of the same index, both a U.S. index and a British index, be sure to check both for the following reasons: (1) spelling differences–only one version of the name may be correct; (2) use of initials on one list but not on the other; (3) on one list there is the helper’s spouse or other family member but not on the other; (4) one list may contain a more complete address; (5) one list may not even have that helper’s name but the other list does; (6) misspellings on one list may lead you astray but the other list has the name spelled correctly.
8. Eisenhower Certificate List. Another useful tool is the Netherlands Grade V (Eisenhower Certificate) available on-line, courtesy of the National Archives. It consists of 187 pages with 4,870 names and addresses of Grade V Dutch helpers compiled in late 1946 and early 1947.
It might be of interest to see who the recipients were of the top awards. For Grades 1, 2, and 3 the recipients were as follows:
- Johanna Maria Folmer, Zeist
- Peter Jan v.d. Hurk, Meppel
- Dick Kragt, c/o G.S.I.(X), B.A.O.R.
- Joseph Piller, Laren
- Henri Tummers, Echt
- Dirk Wildeboer, Ede
- Adriaan L. van Wylen, Sprang-Capelle
- Gerrit v.d. Born, Amersfoort
- Joannes Laurens v. Elsen, Tiel
- Jules Haeck, Hengelo (post.)
- Klaas Heljboer, Ammers
- Willem Houwen, Helden
- Trijntje Mulder, Leeuwarden
- Willem N. v. Nooten, Meppel
- Harry J.P. Otten, Erp
- J. Poels, Amerika
- L.A. Poels, Amerika
- Joannes Rombout, Dordrecht
- R. Roosjen, Roermond
- Karst Smit, Den Haag
- Frans Verbruggen, Roermond
- Johannes Cornelis Wannee, Den Haag
- C. van Woerkom, Sliedrecht
- Cornelis de Boer, Zwijndrecht
- B. Bouman, Roermond (post.)
- Evert Bruinekreeft, Barneveld
- Hendrik van Cleeff, Den Haag
- Klaas Decker, Brandwijk
- Klaas Decker, Boxtel
- Heimen v. Esveld, Kootwijkerbroek (Gld)
- Hendrik J. Evers, Roggel
- Jan Evers, Ederveen
- Henk Geerdink, Weert
- Hartog de Gelder, Tilburg
- Hubert Alphons Gerard, Hengelo
- J.P.G. Goossens, Deurne
- Mrs. Jentje de Groot-ter Bruggen, Meppel
- Johannes B. ter Haar, Lichtenvoorde
- Gerrit Hakkesteeg, Ammers
- Jan Jacobus de Heer, Delft
- Peter L. Hendrikx, Kepen
- Rachel Herz, Huize Berkhof Lunteren
- Eugene van der Heyden, Hilvarenbeek
- Harm Hoekstra, Fort Vuren by Gorinchem
- Johan I. Hollebrands, Sliedrecht
- M.E. Hooyer-Dubois, Haelen
- Johannes Jager, Ede
- Roel de Jong, Amsterdam
- Albert Jan Koeslag, Laren (father)
- Albert Jan Koeslag, Laren (son)
- Adriaan S. Kuystsen, Sprang Capelle
- Leen Kuysten, Sprang-Capelle
- Paulus W. A. Landman, Hilvarenbeek
- Willem Leenman, Hardinxveld
- Ivan Johannes v.d. Ley, Dordrecht
- Captain Herman Lucas Alex. v. Loenen, Zeist
- Hendrik v. Loenen, Zeist
- Bernard Manders, Bakel
- Pieter G. Marang, Deventer
- Johan Adrian Meewis, Amsterdam
- Stefanie Memelauer-Nedwed, Hengelo
- Andries v.d. Meulen, no city
- Andries Mooren, Kelpen
- Menno A. de Nooy, Ede
- Herr de Nooy, Bennekom
- Dieuwke Nijhof, Ede
- Johannes v.d. Putten, Deurne
- G. Rietberg, Zutphen
- Aart Roelofsen, Lunteren
- C.A.J. Ruikes-Tummers, Echt
- Jan Seigers, Ommen
- Hendrikus Semler, Maarheeze
- C. Semler, Maarheeze
- Jan W. Stam, Ochten
- Petrus (Major) Symons, Maastricht
- Hendrik Jan Verhaaf, Ede
- Hendrik P.H. Verkennis, Stamprooy
- Roelof Corn. Vermeulen, Drachten
- Renier Hubert v.d. Vin, Neeritter
- Pieter Visser, Sliedrecht
- Mrs. Hermance de Vries-v.d.Wall-Bake, Amsterdam
- Pieter Westdorp, Utrecht
- Marinus van Wyngaarden, Dordrecht
To enlarge the image of a page, click once. Double-click to make it even larger. Use the back arrow to reverse the process.
Here are links to the sub-pages of this page:
- British Index to Dutch Helpers of Allied Personnel
- Dutch Helpers by Selected Cities and Towns
- Other Sources of Information on Members of the Resistance
- Digitized Dutch Helper List
- Dutch Resistance Memorial
- U.S. National Archives List of Dutch Helpers
- Dutch Pastors Who Aided Airmen
- North Brabant Helpers of Allied Airmen
Another source of information on Dutch helpers may be the Atkinson List of Dutch Helpers from the Dutch National Archives found elsewhere on this website. Click here to view it.
For the names of persons who received the Resistance Memorial Cross (Verzetsherdenkingskruis), which was awarded in the early 1980s, click here.