Sources Consulted

Visitors to this website might find it of interest to see what sources I have used in my own research on the evasion of Tom Applewhite, the aid given by my great uncle to persons hiding from the Nazis, the operations of the Smit-van der Heijden Line, etc.  Those that came to mind are listed as follows and may not include every possible source that I actually used.


  • Belgian Sûreté, Brussels
  • CEGES-SOMA (Center for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Contemporary Society)  (WWII archives)
  • Defense, General Intelligence and Security Service, Security Division, Section Archives, Brussels (Source for military service records)
  • Directorate-General War Victims (formerly Service for Victims of the War), Brussels
  • Jewish Museum, Brussels
  • Mechelen Museum for Deportation & Resistance, Mechelen
  • Musée National de la Résistance, Brussels
  • SNCB (Belgian Railway) Archives and Photothèque, Brussels


  • Institut d’histoire du temps present, Paris


  • Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv, Potsdam, Germany
  • German War Graves Commission, Kassel
  • International Tracing Service
  • Kurt Tucholsky Literaturmuseum, Schloss Rheinsberg, Germany


  • Gibraltar Archives


  • Yad Vashem, Jerusalem


  • Amalia van Solms Historical Society, Baarle-Nassau
  • Bibliothecaris Regionaal Archief Leiden
  • Dutch Ministry of Defense
  • Esbeek Work Group
  • Gemeentearchief Enschede
  • Gemeentearchief Rotterdam
  • International Institute for Social History
  • Jonkers, David, personal papers
  • Leiden University Library
  • Marechaussee Museum, Buren, The Netherlands
  • Nationaal Archief, The Hague
  • Netherlands Red Cross Archives (Het Nederlandse Rode Kruis)
  • Netherlands Institute for Military History, The Hague
  • Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision, Hilversum
  • Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD), Amsterdam
  • Nijmegen Regionaal Archief
  • Stichting 1940-45, Amsterdam
  • Tilburg Regionaal Archief
  • University of Utrecht Medical Library
  • Verzetsmuseum (Resistance Museum), Amsterdam


  • Bergen Maritime Museum, Bergen
  • Haugesund, Norway Folkebibliotek, Haugesund
  • National Archives of Norway, Oslo


  • Seville Port Authority, Seville

United Kingdom

  • Cambridge University Library, Cambridge
  • Guildhall Library, London
  • Imperial War Museum, London
  • National Maritime Museum, Greenwich
  • Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Records & Historical Dept., London

United States

  • Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA), Maxwell AFB, Texas
  • Basque Studies Library, University of Nevada at Reno
  • Mighty Eighth Air Force Museum, Savannah, Georgia
  • National Archives II (NARA), College Park, Maryland
  • Steinway Archive, New York
  • U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, PA

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